Thursday, 18 December 2008

Quotes and Questions 34 - 16 Dec 08

For the answers to the questions, visit my SLCN blog


Some people think luxury is the opposite of poverty. It is not. It is the opposite of vulgarity.
Coco Chanel

You give but little when you give of your possessions. It is when you give of yourself that you truly give.
Kahlil Gibran


1) In 1956 this was invented and began popping up in schools and stores everywhere. In 1965 a patent was granted to Noah and Joseph McVicker for a "plastic modeling composition", which was originally intended to be wallpaper cleaner. Over 2 billion cans sold since its invention in 1956. Noah McVicker shipped a box of his cleaning composition to a nearby school and it was a huge hit with both the teachers and the kids. He offered to supply all of the schools in the Cincinnati area with this new material, and after great reactions from those schools as well, his product was showcased at a national education convention. What is this substance that now comes in a huge variety of colors?

2) What is a milihelen ?

3) It is a is a broad theory that covers diverse fields from evolutionary biology to webpage design. It postulates that animals, people, even well designed machines will naturally choose the path of least resistance, and known as known as a "deterministic description of human behavior." It applies not only in the library context, but also to any information seeking activity. For example, one might consult a generalist co-worker down the hall rather than a specialist in another building, so long as the generalist's answers were within the threshold of acceptability, what is this principle called?

4) His name comes from the Old Norse meaning "All Wise" Throughout his life he maintained he could communicate with his dead twin. His only commercial was for Southern made doughnuts in 1954, and he had a pet chimp named Scatter which developed a taste for Bourbon. He collected badges from police departments including a federal narcotics badge given to him By President Nixon. His motto was TCB, and his last words were "ok, I won't" According to a 1989 news survey 7% of the American population think he is still alive- who was he?

5) Invented in 1903, and named after its, um, inventor, It usually offers abnormally high short-term returns in order to entice new investors. The perpetuation of the high returns that this advertises (and pays) requires an ever-increasing flow of money from investors in order to keep it going. The system is destined to collapse because there are little or no underlying earnings from the money received by the promoters as more investors become involved, the likelihood of the scheme coming to the attention of authorities increases. Benjamin Madoff was just convicted of defrauding people of $50 Billion dollars using it. What is it called?

6) Widely considered the Father of Haute Couture, he was an English-born fashion designer of the 19th century. He dressed the Empress Eugenie of France and actresses such as Sarah Bernhardt. Much of his work is associated with the movement to redefine the female fashionable shape, removing excessive ruffles and frills and using rich fabrics in simple but flattering outlines. He is credited as the first designer to put labels onto the clothing he manufactured and completely revolutionized the business of dressmaking. He was the first of the couturiers, dressmakers considered artists rather than mere artisans. Who was he?

7) This is nothing less than the Google News Alert service. The Google Alerts were first beta'd in August of 2003. Just a quarter of a century after this famous writer published the idea in 1978 in his book Fountains of paradise. It is a A set of topics about which you would like to hear the latest news; and Arthur C. Clarke set this up for an engineer who wanted to make sure that his computer searched for what he needed in the flood of global news items. What did Clarke call it?

8)It is the brightest star in the constellation Piscis Austrinus and one of the brightest stars in the sky. Its name means "mouth of the whale" in Arabic, and holds a special significance. It is surrounded by a debris disk of dust and in November of this year astronomers announced the discovery of an extra solar planet orbiting just inside the debris ring. This was the first extra solar planet to be seen with visible light, captured by the Hubble Space Telescope. What is this star called?

9) During the World War II Battle of Berlin in 1945, a dozen of the many superheroes and masked crimefighters of that era are ambushed by Nazis in the basement of an SS building, where the heroes are gassed and placed into cryogenic suspension for later experimentation, but the building is air bombed soon after and anyone aware of their situation is killed. In the present day, construction workers find this bunker, and the they are revived. Put into the care of the U.S. military, they are housed together in a mansion where they receive counseling and support, are gradually made to understand that decades have passed, and are offered a role as heroes in the 21st century, Singularly they were The Blue Blade, The Black Widow , Captain Wonder, Dynamic Man, Electro, The Fiery Mask, The Laughing Mask, Master Mind Excello, Mister E, The Phantom Reporter, Rockman, and The Witness. What were they known collectively as? Not the US house of Representatives.

10) He is a Polish writer known for his satiric, philosophical and science fictional works. His studies of medicine were interrupted by WWII; he worked as a car mechanic and welder, and was a member of the resistance against the Nazis. Highly critical of American pulp sci-fi literature, he considers his own work to be more mainstream literature. His books have sold over 27 million copies and have been translated into 40 languages, making him one of the most widely read sf authors. In his book Return Form the Stars he had a Sky Ceiling - long before Hogwarts, and spray on clothing, as well as Parastatics Means of completely eliminating injury in vehicles during crashes. Who was he?

11) These pictures are called "of the floating world", is a genre of Japanese woodblock prints paintings produced between the 17th and the 20th centuries, featuring motifs of landscapes, tales from history, the theatre and pleasure quarters. It is the main artistic genre of woodblock printing in Japan, flourishing in the old Edo capital. The "floating world" refers to the impetuous urban culture that bloomed and was a world unto itself. Although the traditional classes of Japanese society were bound by numerous strictures and prohibitions, the rising merchant class was relatively unregulated, therefore "floating." Hokusai, Utamaru and Hiroshige are among the more famous of these artists. What is it known as in Japanese?

12) The word has also been applied in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, as a form of motion picture that provides the sensation of touch in addition to sight and sound. A device that adds the tactile element to entertainment. We still don't have them here, but might some day. What was this super sensation kind of movie called?

13) The Maccabees successfully rebelled against their oppressors. According to the Talmud, at the re-dedication following the victory of the Maccabees over the Seleucid Empire, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, which was the length of time it took to press, prepare and consecrate fresh olive oil. A miracle, Hanukah is the festival of lights called. What is the one song associated with this Holiday?

14)It is the ability of some materials (notably crystals and certain ceramics, including bone) to generate an electric response by applied mechanical stress. This may take the form of a separation of electric charge across the crystal lattice. If the material is not short-circuited, the applied charge induces a voltage across the material. The word is derived from the Greek which means to squeeze or press.. The effect finds useful applications such as the production and detection of sound, generation of high voltages, electronic frequency generation, and is also the basis of a number of scientific instrumental techniques with atomic resolution, , and everyday uses such as acting as the ignition source for cigarette lighters and push-start propane barbecues. What is this called?

15) This was a mystery religion which became popular among the military in the Roman Empire, from the 1st to 4th centuries From Rome to Britain to the Danube, he had worshippers, The religion was passed from initiate to initiate, not based on a body of scripture, and hence hasvery little written evidence which survives. Religious practice was centered on an adapted or artificial cave or cavern. And the tauroctony, an artistic depiction of the mythic hero and shows him engaged in the ritual slaying of a bull most likely a symbolic representation of the constellations, and the precession of the equinoxes, The identification of some constellations in his portrayal is clear enough: the bull is Taurus, the serpent Hydra, the dog Canis Major or Minor, the crow or raven Corvus, the goblet Crater, and the lion Leo, His bronze image emerging from an egg-shaped zodiac ring was found along Hadrian's Wall (now at the University of Newcastle). An inscription from the city of Rome suggests that he may have been seen as the Orphic creator-god Phanes who emerged from the world egg at the beginning of time, bringing the universe into existence. He was said to have been born on December 25, even Isaac Newton argued that the date of Christmas was selected to correspond with the winter solstice. Who was this god.?

Tuesday, 16 December 2008

Quotes and Questions 33 - 9 Dec 08

For the answers to the questions, visit my SLCN blog


Give me the liberty to know, to think, to believe, and to utter freely according to conscience, above all other liberties.

Oftentimes the test of courage becomes rather to live than to die.


1) In Silence of the lambs Hannibal Lecter spoke of eating fava beans with a nice Chianti. The philosopher Pythagoras, would not let his followers eat fava beans because he believed they contained what?

2) Besides writing novel such as Lolita, Vladimar Nabakov was a lepidopterist, and discovered several new species of this, including one named Nabakovs pug. What did he discover?

3) It starts out life as a male and changes back and forth between the 2 sexes as its life progresses. In 1868, Maryland instituted a police force to enforce laws pertaining to them. One species in Jamaica grows on trees, and Boyd Bolut in set a new world record in 2003 by eating 18 dozen in ten minutes in one of the majors in the International federation of competitive eating circuits. A baby one is called a spat. What is it?

4) The first book published by this famous author was "the Duties of Clerks of Petty Sessions in Ireland", not his most famous book. When the ministry of tourism of Romania wanted to build a theme park of with the name of this famous book, they were told the rights to the name was held by Universal Studios. When President Ceausescu was in charge of continental Romania all mention of this name was banned. What name is it?

5)He was a French Enlightenment writer, essayist, and philosopher known for his wit, and defense of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade. A prolific writer, and produced works in almost every literary form, authoring plays, poetry, novels, essays, historical and scientific works, over 20,000 letters and over two thousand books and pamphlets. He is credited with saying "I detest what you write, but I would give my life to make it possible for you to continue to write. & "If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him", and of course- "this is the best of all possible worlds, "a phrase he gave a famous character of his Dr. Pangloss. Supposed Allegedly 5' 3 "and drinker of 50 cups of coffee a day.. Who was he?

6) A French stage actress, and has been referred to as "the most famous actress in the history of the world" Although primarily a stage actress, she made several cylinders and discs of famous dialogues from various productions. One of the earliest was a reading from Phèdre by Jean Racine, at Thomas Edison's home on a visit to New York City in the 1880s. She slept in a coffin, was a courtesan and supposedly a notorious liar. And she was one of the pioneer silent movie actresses, debuting as Hamlet in the two minute long film Le Duel d'Hamlet in 1900. (Technically, this was not a silent film, as it had an accompanying Edison cylinder with sound effects. In 1905, while performing in Rio de Janeiro, she injured her right knee when she was required to leap from a high wall. The leg never healed properly. By 1915, gangrene had set in and her entire right leg was amputated, She performed in a wheelchair until her death. Who was she?

7) In 1835 he began as a showman with his purchase and exhibition of a blind and almost completely paralyzed slave woman, Joice Heth, claimed b to have been the nurse of George Washington, and to be over 160, she wasn't even 80. By the 1840s, he was operating an entertainment complex in lower Manhattan.. The roof was transformed to a strolling garden with a view of the city, where hot-air balloon rides were launched daily. To the static exhibits of stuffed animals were added a changing series of live acts and "curiosities", including albinos, giants, midgets, "fat boys", jugglers, magicians, "exotic women", detailed models of cities and famous battles, and eventually a menagerie of animals. He introduced his first major hoax, the "Fejee" mermaid, it was a tail of a fish and the head of a monkey. He justified his hoaxes or "humbugs" as "advertisements to draw the Museum. I don't believe in duping the public, but I believe in first attracting and then pleasing them.". He also reportedly offered to pay Bernhard 10,000 to show off her amputated leg. She refused. Who was he?

8) It was invented in 1834 in England by William Horner. He called it the 'Daedalum' ('the wheel of the devil). It didn't become popular until the 1860s, when it was patented by makers in both England and America. The American developer, William F. Lincoln, named his toy this, which means 'wheel of life'. It is s a device that produces an illusion of action from a rapid succession of static pictures. It consists of a cylinder with slits cut vertically in the sides. Beneath the slits on the inner surface of the cylinder is a band which has either individual frames from a video/film or images from a set of sequenced drawings or photographs. what is it?

9) The brothers stated that "the cinema is an invention without any future" and declined to sell their camera to other filmmakers. They turned their attention to photography, where many of their inventions of the 20th century are under the name Ilford, with whom they merged. However- They patented a number of significant processes leading up to their film camera - most notably film perforations as a means of advancing the film through the camera and projector. Their first public screening of films at which admission was charged was held in, 1895, at Paris's Salon Indien du Grand Café. This history-making presentation featured ten short films, including their first film, They are credited with making some of the first movies ever shown, who were they?

10) Its pre-history began in 1975, when Warner Cable launched the first two-way interactive cable TV system, Qube, in Columbus, Ohio.The Qube system offered many specialized channels, including a children's channel called Pinwheel which would later become Nickelodeon. One of these specialized channels was Sight On Sound, a music channel that featured concert footage and music oriented TV programs; with the interactive Qube service, viewers could vote for their favorite songs and artists. It launched On August 1, 1981, at 12:01 a.m., with the words "Ladies and gentlemen, rock and roll," spoken by John Lack. Yes, it is MTV. What was the first video ever played on the channel?

11) Products of the Yoshida Kogyo Kabushibibaisha or YKK group are used by probably every member of the outworld audience and those of you in real life too. YKK claims to be the first company of its kind to promote environmental protection measures. And has developed a line of environmentally friendly products, following the company's philosophy "The Cycle of Goodness" which means that one prospers when the person renders benefit to others. Where do you see the initials YKK everyday?

12) On this Saturnian moon, jets of powdery snow and water vapor, laden with organic compounds, vent from the "tiger stripes," warm gashes in the surface. How can a body just over 500 kilometers across sustain such vigorous activity? The answer may be the presence of underground fluids, perhaps a sea, which would increase the efficiency of heating by tidal effects. Support for this idea has come from recent flybys. If has liquid water, it joins Mars and Jupiter's moon Europa as one of the prime places in the solar system to look for extraterrestrial life. What is the name of this moon.

13) This is an almond-shaped and size portion of the brain which helps us decide whether to fight, take flight or simply be afraid. Scientists also believe it helps form long-term memories, especially those tied to strong emotions. What part of the brain is often referred to as the "fear center?"

14) ) His prototype was created from a green ladies' coat that his creators mother had thrown into a waste bin, and he had two ping pong balls for eyes.and 11 ponts on his collar. He has made numerous guest appearances on popular television shows, including co-hosting individual episodes of a number of long-running talk shows: On April 2, 1979, he guest-hosted The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and as an April Fool's joke, he hosted CNN's Larry King Live in 1994 and interviewed Hulk Hogan. According to his autobiography, at the age of 12, he was the first of his siblings to leave the swamp, and one of the first frogs to talk to humans. Who is he?

15) This Chinese emperor, responsible for the first grand unification of china, is responsible for such famous projects as the terra cotta army, and the first phase of the great wall. He is suspected to have died well before his time, due to his alchemists and apothecaries prescribing balms and potions for his health whose main ingredient was quicksilver, later renamed mercury, which was, at the time, seen as a cure-all wonder drug of the ultra-elite.

Friday, 5 December 2008

Quotes and Questions 32 - 2 Dec 08

For the answers to the questions, visit my SLCN blog here


Men can only be happy when they do not assume that the object of life is happiness.
George Orwell

I pick my favourite quotations and store them in my mind as ready armour, offensive or defensive, amid the struggle of this turbulent existence.
Robert Burns


1) In 1922, this inventor approached Lenin with a strange looking box featuring two protruding antennas. By moving his hands near the antennas, this man could create sounds of varying pitch and volume. The "aetherphone", appeared in a number of widely publicized and critically acclaimed concerts throughout Europe and the United States in the 1920s and 1930s, and is immortalized in the songs of the Rolling Stones and Led Zeppelin, the movies The Day The Earth Stood Still and The Thing, and the opening theme from The Outer Limits. Name the inventor or the more widely used name of the aetehrphone.

2) Gold leafing vehicles isn't new - the Egyptians mastered the technique more than 3000 years ago and Tutankhamen's chariot was decorated with gold leaves. Gold plating your car is however, new and a sure-fire way to differentiate your ride. London-based Alchemist created a unique 24-carat gold and platinum-leafed what for the recent MPH Prestige and Performance Motor Show at London's Earls Court? The car, also features seven diamonds in its bodywork.

3) The show- "Batboy the musical" was inspired by a story from what publication?

4) Van Gogh sliced off part of his ear, his left one, after an argument with this man. Thinking he would find him at a brothel, he went there to present it to him. Not finding him there, he gave it a prostitute named Rachel. The man with whom van Gogh had the argument, was once a stockbroker, and later on became a leading post-impressionist painter. His style paved the way to primitivism as well. He spent nine weeks painting in Arles, Vincent Van Gogh, in 1888. He died at age 54. Who was he?

5) When he graduated from high school in 1917, he chose journalism instead of college and spent seven months as a newspaper reporter. While driving a Red Cross ambulance in Italy in 1918 he was severely wounded by shrapnel. Who was he?

6) In an interview with H.G. Wells, Stalin said "Education is a weapon whose effects depend on who holds it in his hands and at whom it is aimed." To keep scientists firmly in his grasp, and research constantly focused on harming his enemies, Stalin created a type of labor camp where the great minds of the USSR were indefinitely detained to work on scientific projects for the state. Inmate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn gave the camp a t title, based on Dante's description of hell: the "First Circle". Due to the practice of attributing research there to well-known Russian scientists, many of the masterminds behind Russia's cold war scientific breakthroughs will remain lost to history. What was the labor camp called?

7) Inspired by an unflattering baby photo of himself, what cartoon character did Bob Clampett create in 1942? Originally, started out as an aggressive, mean-spirited, pink-feathered bird named Orson who tormented two cats based on the popular comedy team Abbot and Costello. He went on to become the first Warner Brothers cartoon to win an Oscar.

8) Members of Pasadena's Valley Hunt Club first staged the parade of roses in 1890. Since then the Parade has been held in Pasadena every New Year's Day, except when January 1 falls on a Sunday. This exception was instituted in 1893. this "Never on Sunday" policy was instituted why?

9) When two bodies that hold electrical charge are in proximity, they create an electric field – a phenomenon Theremin used in the 1920s to create the Radio Watchman, a device that was able to identify the approach of the human body using a sensor. Theremin invented and patented the motion detector at the request of Lenin, and dedicated the early part of his career to exploring applications of the amount of electrical charge able to be held by a body. What is this phenomena called?

10) What civil rights leader did Dorothy Parker leave the bulk of her estate to?

11) Elvis was in 33 films, and his favorite "King Creole," which was filmed just before he entered the Army in 1958. He also won 3 Grammy's in what category?

12) Who said: "I'm the President of the United States and I'm not going to eat any more broccolis"?

13) Although it first appeared in comic form in 1996, it really became a huge hit with the release of a 27-episode television series and a collectible card game where they could duel like their favorite characters. Some duelists have paid thousands of dollars for a single card on auction web sites such as eBay. What is this called?

14) This London club's sole requirement for membership is "a hirsute appendage of the upper lip and with graspable extremities"; beards are absolutely forbidden. The club engages in activism to assuage discrimination as well as competitive facial hair tourneys, and has inspired the foundation of transatlantic and Scandinavian counterparts. The club declares itself to be at war with a society that demands people choose "the bland, the boring and the generic";[ a club chant includes the proposition that being kissed by a smooth face is akin to "meat without the salt" What is the club called?

15) The worlds first were gas powered contraptions were erected in 1868 to make it easier for ministers of parliament to reach the house of commons. They were controlled by a lever operated by a police constable. One month later they exploded causing injury to several policemen. It took half a century before Britain put trust in them again. What are they?
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