Friday, 27 March 2009

The 1st Question 45 - 24 Mar 09


Action and reaction, ebb and flow, trial and error, change - this is the rhythm of living. Out of our over-confidence, fear; out of our fear, clearer vision, fresh hope. And out of hope, progress.
Bruce Barton

Change is inevitable - except from a vending machine.
Robert C. Gallagher


For the answers go to The 1st Question blog at SLCN

1) His magnum opus, is considered the first modern novel by many, and he has also been dubbed, the Prince of Wits. In his life he was captured by Algerian pirates, served in debtors prison and received three gunshot wounds – two in the chest, and one which rendered his left arm useless, resulting in amputation. Of he two parts written by him, the first is the more popular with the general public – containing the famous episodes of the tilting at windmills, the attack on the flock of sheep, the vigil in the courtyard of the inn, and the episode with the barber and the shaving basin. Who was this famous author who died on the same day as William Shakespeare?

H:2) He was an English writer, journalist, and pamphleteer, who gained enduring fame and is notable for being one of the earliest practitioners of the novel, which he helped to popularize in Britain, and is even referred to by some as one of the founders of the English novel. A prolific and versatile writer, he wrote more than five hundred books, pamphlets, and journals on various topics (including politics, crime, religion, marriage, psychology and the supernatural like The Political History of the Devil (1726), He was also a pioneer of journalism. And his political activities resulted in his arrest and placement in a pillory in 1703, principally on account of a pamphlet entitled "The Shortest Way with the Dissenters", in which he ruthlessly satirized the High church Tories. He is remembered for Robinson Crusoe. Who was he?

P:3) For the United Nations, the event represents the second effort of its Creative Community Outreach Initiative. Announced by Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, the initiative is the organization’s attempt to “establish partnerships with the entertainment industry to tell the U.N.’s story. Representatives from the Sci Fi Channel approached the United Nations early this year and the UN will host a discussion panel about child soldiers, terrorism, human rights and religious extremism. As the UN put it “They came to us and explained that there were themes common to both the show and the U.N., and that those themes could be discussed here in a serious manner.” Which show’s intergalactic representatives will be there?

H:4) In the future, the eyes of all humans leave their bodies and fly to the moon, develop weapons, and attack the human race, capturing several Asian countries, including China, Thailand, and Korea. Humanity sends two blinded pilot brothers, Mickey R. Dole and Mackey I. Dole, who both possess a sixth sense, to defeat the invaders. Each pilot's custom fighter uses a different attacking technique. What is the name of this freeware vertical shooter video game, where Backgrounds are completely black, with enemies and the player appearing as outlines?

5) Technologies for the Applications of Social Computing is a new plan to make use of the social computing phenomenon. This agency is seeking whitepapers to fuel the development of a scientific approach to predicting the actions of large masses of people. Yes the Agency invites ... the development of new technologies to rapidly create theoretically-informed, data-driven models of complex human, social, cultural, and behavioral dynamics that are instantiated in near-realtime simulations. We know this as Psychohistory. What agency is asking now for whitepapers?

6) In medieval and Renaissance astronomy, this is the outermost moving sphere in the geocentric model of the universe. Astronomers believed that the seven naked-eye planets (including the Moon and the Sun) were carried around the spherical Earth on invisible orbs. Beyond them was the sphere of fixed stars, this and the Empyrean. What was beyond the fixed stars and the Empyrean?

7) Groucho Marx famously said he wouldn’t want to be a member of any club that would have him as a member. That means he probably wouldn’t have been rushing to join this new site even though he’s one of the select few with enough cash to meet the entry requirements. it requires members to have a verified net worth of at least $3 million or an annual household income of $300,000. Essentially the internet age’s equivalent of the private gentleman’s club, the site, boasts 20,000 members and accepts about 400 to 500 new members daily. Once accepted members can enjoy similar addictive time-wasting social networking activities to those found on Facebook, but without having to go slumming and mix with the riff raff. What is the name of this new site described as, “Facebook for the filthy rich”,

:8) As Barbie turns 50, again, we are reminded of her legacy. In 1965 Slumber Party Barbie came with a book entitled How to Lose Weight that advised: "Don't eat". The doll also came with pink bathroom scales reading 110lb, which would be around 35lbs underweight for a woman of Barbie’s height if translated to human proportions. But it is of course her relationship with Ken, which fascinates. Who was Ken named after??
9) Hot Wheels, has unveiled the most expensive item in its 40 year history - a unique diamond encrusted 1:64-scale car cast in 18-carat white gold with Diamonds. The car was made to commemorate the production of the 4 billionth Hot Wheels® vehicle and coincides with the upcoming release of the Designer's Challenge™ Die-Cast Car Line marking the company's 40th anniversary celebrations. For the point - What is the value of the diamonds, or the number of them or the total carat weight of this tiny vehicle?
10) Information Age Prayer is a site that charges you a monthly fee to say prayers for you. Prices, however, are dictated by the length of the prayer. As noted in the Information Age Prayer FAQ "A discounted prayer will cost less than other prayers of similar length." However, what is a typical charge per month to say three non discounted prayers specified by you each day?

Saturday, 21 March 2009

The 2nd Question! 44 - 17 Mar 09


The third-rate mind is only happy when it is thinking with the majority. The second-rate mind is only happy when it is thinking with the minority. The first-rate mind is only happy when it is thinking.
A. A. Milne

Besides the noble art of getting things done, there is the noble art of leaving things undone. The wisdom of life consists in the elimination of non-essentials.
Lin Yutang

Before I offer the questions which make up the last third of the show which is known as “Avataro” to all who watch, I wanted to make some comment about the changing of the show name and of course brand. The 2nd Question is the show I created on Second Life, and wanting to use the numerical identity at the time of “2nd”, went through a few names using it. Some of the names I thought of had links to previous existing works and movements such as “The Second Wave” which is of course a response to Alvin Toffler’s book “The Third Wave.” Or “The Next Wave” which referred to an art movement in the late 70’s – early 1980’s called “The New Wave.”

Waving being a part of my thought process, I probably would have used a hand for those logos too. In the end I found a beautiful “healing hand”, and this is what I chose. For I truly believe that we do heal ourselves and others with an uplifting of the mind, and with the greater goal of humanity in mind. The hand also had resonance within Second Life, so it seemed to fit. In the end, as the show was to be a kind of question and answer show, I chose “The 2nd Question” the hand and the question mark.

Paradox Olbers, the show Guru, asked me if there was to be a question mark at the end of it, and I responded, in my natural element, that of excitement, “No, an exclamation point!” And I have been full of them ever since the show launched, almost a year now, we will celebrate a full year on April 10th which was our very first show.

In all things there is change at times, in the modern world we live in we get used to it, are on our mental roller skates, ready to see format change, technological change (which of course has happened very rapidly over the past 30 years) and even change in the landscape of all things familiar. Still when something we have come to identify with, and appreciate doing changes, we want to know why. We want to know more. Probably as part of our own thought processes, to help us with the identity these things we like and love mean to us. Or just to fill in those blanks of curiosity. Having a very curious mind myself, and thinking my great audience does too, I wanted to say a bit more about why the name of the show is changing.

I was asked, very nicely by the way, to change the name by the Trademark Department of Linden Labs. The use of the word “2nd” is after all their brand, and wouldn’t I be better off in some ways to have as the name of the show, one that is independent of Second Life? And you know, I had to agree. I had picked the name because of Second Life, to continue, I had to establish the identity outside of it.

The show is a remarkable journey each week into knowing more about the great people who have made our metaverse of choice the place it is and also a real field trip into learning. One that is exciting, interesting and inspiring. The questions are meaningful because it is valid to know, and identify with the important stuff that happens in our physical world, the one we live in, today, yesterday and tomorrow. That is also inspiring. I know people have said to me, “I actually said last night, ‘I learnt that on The 2nd QuestioN!’.” That makes me so proud and happy. Indeed that is what I strive for. For who knows where the spark of inspiration to do something remarkable will come from. We must begin by knowing, and must begin by having our information store added to. The show is entertaining and so we recall what we learned there. It is a valuable hour, one I am thrilled with each week.

One of the MANY things I have learned from the show, is how remarkable a species the human being is. How much we have accomplished, how driven and how brilliant we are. And how kind and compassionate and deep our legacy is to each and every generation, and to each other, to whom of course we have the greatest responsibility to, outside of ourselves.

The past weeks quotes, said a lot for me. “The first rate mind is only happy when it’s thinking.” True, true………..the show is a celebration of thought, of accomplishment and of intellectual hope. I know of no other place in Second Life that gives the rewards we do for intellect on a weekly basis. And, “Besides the noble art of getting things done, there is the noble art of leaving things undone. The wisdom of life consists in the elimination of non-essentials.” So what do we have here? The first rate mind, and the elimination of non-essentials. The questions are essential, not only to the show, of course, but also to our species. We will only grow through asking why, how, what, when and where? We need to ask, and also to find answers from each other, from ourselves and also from those who have discovered before us. So here we come to “The 1st Question”, and all questions are the starting point of new questions, maybe all questions have some kind of “1st” provenance. That’s the way I see it, all questions are a beginning of a journey and voyage into knowing, which brings up another “1st Question”.

This is our journey now together. See you Tuesday night at 7PM, the show is what it always has been, that won’t change. We still have a lot of Questions to ask. 1st Questions that is.


For the answers go to The 2nd QuestioN! blog at SLCN

P:1)It is a part of the brain located in the forebrain. It belongs to the limbic system and plays major roles in short term memory and spatial navigation. Humans and other mammals have two, one in each side of the brain. In rodents, where it has been studied most extensively, it is shaped something like a banana. In humans it has a curved and convoluted shape that reminded early anatomists of a seahorse. The name, in fact, derives from the Greek word for seahorse is this region where damage indicates Alzheimer’s?

H:2) The four-leaf clover is an uncommon variation of the common, three-leaved, one. According to tradition, such leaves bring good luck.. Another Irish legend tells that the three leaf clover, or "Shamrock", was what Saint Patrick used to represent the Holy Trinity. It has been estimated that there are approximately 10,000 three-leaf clovers for every four-leaf clover. According to legend, each leaflet represents something: the second leaf is for faith, the third is for love, and the fourth is for luck. What is the first leaf supposed to represent?
P:3) The St. Patrick's Day parade was first held in this city in the US in 1761, organized by the Charitable Society. What city was it held in?

H:4) Some Protestants have begun wearing this color on St. Patrick's Day as a mark of defiance . This relatively new tradition has its roots when William III, the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, defeated King James II, a Roman Catholic, in the Battle of the Boyne near Dublin. William's victory would ensure Protestant military dominance on the island and has been a source of tension ever since. What color do they wear?

P:5) He dropped out of high School, only to become a reader of Hegel. He wrote his first book The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844. While writing it, he continued his involvement with radical journalism and politics. He met Karl Marx in Paris. After a Revolution in France in1848, he and Marx fled to Prussia, where Marx lost hi citizenship due to a newspaper they edited. He decided to re-enter the commercial firm where his father held shares in order to help support Marx. He hated this work intensely but knew that his friend needed the support. As well as editing Das Kapital after Marx’s death, he made an argument using anthropological evidence of the time to show that family structures have changed over history, and that the concept of monogamous marriage came from the necessity within class society for men to control women to ensure their own children would inherit their property. Who was this man who spoke of the industrial revolution in 1844?

H:6) It's a clear step forward toward a future where your car will do the driving and you'll just be a passenger - and a demonstration of how a computer with detailed route and traffic signal information can make a huge difference to fuel consumption and emissions. This runs from a mobile phone that's connected to the car's onboard ECU. It was demonstrated with a Nokia N95 mobile phone recently. It sucks in huge amounts of data as you travel, analyzing your planned route in terms of route and even probable speed limiting features such as schools, speed bumps, and traffic lights. It then manages your acceleration and deceleration in such a way as to deliver maximum efficiency from a hybrid engine, resulting in demonstrated fuel savings of between 5% and 24%, depending on traffic and topology. This is the result of a multi-industry research partnership aimed at reducing CO2 emissions and fuel usage in hybrid vehicles. What is this UK partnership called, which will be made available in new cars by 2012?

P:7) This company has retained the Number One Plate Holder's title at the US Patent Office for 16 years straight, winning the 2008 "most innovative" championship with 4,186 U.S. Patents, beating Samsung and Canon Indeed, last year its issuances were greater than Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard, Oracle, Apple, EMC, Accenture and Google combined. The company's research efforts of recent times have astounded even seasoned patent watchers – on February 3 it filed a patent for bionic body armor which not only recognizes a bullet has been fired, but delivers a shock to the target's appropriate muscles so they step out of the bullet's trajectory. What company is this?

H:8) The classic form of this relies upon the availability of vulcanized rubber. The most common source of rubber was from the inner tubes of tires and so it seems unlikely that they were constructed before 1888. the sophisticated modern models start with the first "Wrist-Rocket", in 1954. They are also used by arborists and tree workers to place lines high in trees. Former child actress Shirley Temple revealed in an interview that she was a user, with Eleanor Roosevelt as one of her "victims" And in Fiction, the weapon of choice for Bart Simpson, Dennis the Menace and Ellie May Clampett. An ancient form was also used very effectively by David in his battle with Goliath, what is it?

P: 9) On August 24, 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) announced a formal definition of planet that established a tripartite classification for objects in orbit around the Sun: ""dwarf planets" were those objects large enough to be rounded, but who had yet to clear their orbits of similar-sized objects; "planets" were those objects that were both large enough to be rounded by self-gravity and which had cleared their orbits of similar-sized objects.[ Under this Pluto, was reclassified as a dwarf planets, What are those objects too small for their gravity to have collapsed their surfaces into a rounded shape called?

H: 10) He built his first telescope and sent drawings of his observations of Jupiter and Mars to the Lowell Observatory. These resulted in a job offer. And was probably the most eminent astronomer to have reported seeing UFO’s and to support the Extraterrestrial hypothesis. He is best known for discovering the dwarf planet Pluto in 1930, but also discovered many asteroids, many he named after family members, and some of his ashes have been launched in space. Who was he?

P:11) The Rapanui or Rapa Nui ("Big Rapa") are the native inhabitants of here. MakeMake, a plutoid, or dwarf planet beyond the orbit of Neptune
was named for one of the Rapanui gods. Where are the Rapanui people found?

H:12) Twitter was founded by 4 guys. It began in March 2006 as a research and development project inside San Francisco podcasting company Odeo. Twitter had been initially used internally by Odeo's employees. When the company was bought out by management, the Twitter founders started another company. What was it named?

P:13) Green Fireballs is a term used to refer to certain UFO’s sightings since the late 1940s. Early ones primarily occurred in New Mexico. They were once of notable concern to the US government because they were often clustered around sensitive research and military installations, such as Los Alamos, They appeared suddenly and were reported many times per month there, but hardly anywhere else. Meteor expert Dr. Lincoln LaPaz headed much of the investigation into the fireballs on behalf of the military. He concluded that the objects displayed too many anomalous characteristics to be a type of meteor and instead were artificial. Secret conferences were convened to study the phenomenon In December 1949 a network of green fireball observation and photographic stations, was established but never fully implemented. Discontinued 2 years later, what was this project called?

H:14) He was a jazz cornet player and bandleader, particularly noted for his playing style, pioneering the use of mutes. Also a notable composer, he wrote many tunes still played regularly, including "Dippermouth Blues" and "Doctor Jazz". He was the mentor and teacher of Louis Armstrong. Two of Armstrong's most famous recordings were Oliver compositions. His influence was such that Armstrong claimed, "if it had not been for Joe Oliver, Jazz would not be what it is today”. As a player, Oliver took great interest in altering his horn's sound. He pioneered in the use of mutes, including the plumber's plunger, derby hat, and bottles and cup in the bell of his horn. His recording "WaWaWa" with the Dixie Syncopators can be credited with giving the name wah-wah to such techniques. Who was this “King” who dies in poverty?

Friday, 13 March 2009

The 2nd Question! 43 - 10 Mar 09


Attempt the impossible in order to improve your work.
Bette Davis

Live out of your imagination, not your history.
Stephen Covey


For the answers go to The 2nd QuestioN! blog at SLCN

1) A recent study from Harvard & NYU confirmed what we know to be true. When encoding everyday social information during a social encounter, neural regions sort information based on its personal and subjective significance, and summarize it into an ultimate score. What is it?
2) Findings show that the brain responds to near-misses as if a win has been delivered, even though the result is technically a loss. On games where there is some skill involved, like target practice, it makes sense to pay attention to near-misses. However, in this near misses do not signal your future success. Volunteers in a recent study suggest that the brain may naturally respond to near-misses in this way interpreting them as if a special event has occurred making the invention of this the most insidious in history. The first was invented in 1887 by Charles Fey of San Francisco, California, in 1964, Bally developed the first fully electromechanical one Money Honey. What is it?

3) In Dubai this building project is right up there in terms of luxury, exclusivity and head-spinning architectural genius, yet also adds a fascinating extra dimension - the ability to generate ten times as much power as it will use. Each floor of this wind-powered rotating skyscraper is a single apartment with the ability to rotate independently, giving residents the ability to choose a new view at the touch of a button - quite a party trick. Wind turbines between each floor will generate a vast surplus of electricity capable of powering the whole surrounding neighborhood. The method of construction is also fascinating; each floor will be pre-fabricated in segments before being lifted and secured into place on a concrete spine. What firm is behind this marvel?

4) Spain has a well-earned reputation for extraordinary architecture that defy convention, divide opinions and cause passions to run high. The next dazzling addition to Madrid's skyline will offer much more than simply a conversation piece. Shaped like this, the Convention Center will be completely covered in photovoltaic panels but will still provide adequate sunlight to reduce the need for artificial light through the use of concave design elements that scatter light into the interior. The 110 meter tall structure will include a rainwater catchments system. What is it shaped like?

5) Suppose the internet existed in 1929. How might the Great Depression have been different? The Internet is a tool of global communication. If it had been available in the 1930s, the downturn and subsequent restructuring that became the Great Depression could have occurred faster and more efficiently, yielding less suffering. Eighty years later, we are on the brink of such again… how can we utilize the Internet to help prevent the suffering and hardships experienced in the 1930s? This is the question being asked on communities all over the internet, and it is the inspiration for a new website. Ray Kurziwell & Malcom Gladwell are some of the founding members. What is the site called?

6) More than 50% of our planet's massive human population is concentrated into urban centres - and on current estimates, that's likely to be as high as 80% by the year 2050, a year many of us will be around to see. So the challenge facing today's forward-thinking architects is how to create positive outcomes out of a crushing space constraint. Going upwards, in projects like the London Vertical Village concept, seems to offer some practical solutions to the living space conundrum - but what about feeding all those people? This seems to be an idea whose time has come - it will let us use land, nutrients, power and water much more efficiently than ever before, while delivering a quality-controllable, year-round and emissions-positive food source for urban communities. What kind of farming will it be?

7) Capturing an image takes on a different meaning with the Touch Sight camera. The device makes it possible for the visually impaired to take digital photos by using a Braille-like screen to make a raised image of whatever the lens sees. Designed by Chueh Lee from Samsung China, the camera aims to provide a means of recording the mental photograph that the visually-impaired create of their surroundings using senses other than sight. It records sound for three seconds after pressing the shutter button so that the user can then use the sound as a reference and the camera has a lightweight, flexible Braille display sheet which shows a 3D image by embossing the surface. The sound and picture combine to become a touchable photo. Where is the camera held to record this image?
8) Better the devil you know than the devil you don't know - It is better to deal with something bad you know than with something new you don't; the new thing might be even worse. The proverb originates from here and has been traced back to 1539. What country does this phrase come from?

P: 9) In what's billed as the world’s largest virtual desktop deployment 357,000 virtualized desktops will be supplied to schools across this country, bringing computer access to millions. Useful Multiplier software effectively turns one computer into up to 10 independent PC workstations, reducing CO2 emissions by up to 15 tons per year per system and electronic waste by up to 80% . What country is doing this?

10) If they're not shooting down UAVs, they're fighting AIDS or bringing us the next generation of HDTVs. That's all well and good, but when it comes to it, there's none bigger than the National Ignition Facility (the NIF) in California - an instrument capable of delivering 500 trillion watts of power in a 20-nanosecond burst which is now nearing completion. Its myriad uses will include providing fusion data for nuclear weapons simulations, probing the secrets of extrasolar planets and could even lead to the holy grail of energy production - practical fusion energy. It will be the worlds largest what?

11) In 1971, Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney founded an engineering firm, that designed and built the first arcade video game - Computer Space for Nutting Associates. Their first design engineer, Al Alcorn produced as a test of his abilities, an arcade version of the Magnavox Odyssey's Tennis game, which would be named Pong. The company went on to become Atari. Before Atari's official incorporation, Bushnell wrote down several words from this game eventually choosing Atari. The word 'atari' is used in Japanese when a prediction comes true or when someone wins a lottery. From what more traditional game did the word Atari originate?

12) A virtual reality helmet that recreates the sights, smells, sounds and even tastes of far-flung destinations has been devised by British scientists. The prototype helmet connects wirelessly to a computer which feeds it information about a virtual world or another part of the real world. It features a high-definition high dynamic screen - which produces pictures ten times darker, or 30 times brighter than conventional television. A tube connected to a box of chemicals releases smells under the wearer's nose, while a similar device can spray flavors directly into the mouth and provide a texture sensation. The heat and humidity can be changed using a fan and heater, while surround-sound speakers recreate ambient noise. They say it stimulates the senses so convincingly they have called the experience Real Virtuality. This has also been called the Virtual what?
13) The hamster controls the movement of the Create robotic vehicle by running in whichever direction he wants. The ball is loose on three rollers; an optical sensor measures the direction of the hamster ball and how fast it is moving. A microprocessor controls the movement of the Create robot then moves the wheels according to the motion of the hamster ball. There is also the Terranaut fish explore land robotic vehicle, an art project that allows a Blood Parrot fish to go gallivanting across the countryside. As far as science-fictional predecessors are concerned, SciFi readers may recall the Martian perambulators to help Martians get around on Earth. These were used in whose novel?

14) It has been under research since at least 2000, but soon this remarkable material will become available in quantity for commercial use. It is a material made up of nanotubes, flexible films 10-20 micrometers in thickness. It is very light in weight, and it has unusual properties, being one of the strongest materials known, with an electrical conductivity like copper and greater thermal conductivity than diamond. Because it has an unusually high current-carrying capacity, a film made from it could be applied to the exteriors of airplanes. Lightning strikes then would flow around the plane and dissipate without causing damage. A revolution in aerospace and technology- what is this?

15 He is the most famous war general in the history of China. He is depicted wearing war robes and holding his "Kwan Dao" confidently. He holds behind him the 5 victory flags inscribed with dragon images. The five flags represent the power from all the 5 Elements in feng shui practice. He has a total of 9 dragons surrounding him which blows ultimate forces to the surrounding. He is most powerful for business pursuits, politicians, protection against evil forces, inviting wealth luck, energizing family achievements, activating more helpful people and countering ill effects of bad stars. Statues of him are best placed to face your maindoor or entrance of your offices. And allegedly will put a hardstop to competitors or troublesome enemies wishing to harm you. Who is this figure of Feng Shui fortune?

16) There is a fundamental and institutionally stabilized 'division of labor' between core and periphery: While the core has a high level of technological development and manufactures complex products, the role of the periphery is to supply raw materials, agricultural products and cheap labor for the expanding agents of the core. Economic exchange between core and periphery takes place on unequal terms: Immanual Wallerstein, gray eminence with the anti-globalization movement rejects the notion of a "Third World", claiming there is only one world connected by a complex network of economic exchange relationships in which the "dichotomy of capital and labor", and the endless "accumulation of capital" by competing agents account for frictions. This approach is known as what?

17) Blood pressure breakthrough - a tiny pressure sensor, which has a diameter of about 1 millimeter is placed directly into the femoral artery and measures the patient’s blood pressure 30 times per second. This unit digitizes and encodes the data coming from the micro-sensor and transmits them to an external reading device that patients can wear like a cell phone on their belt. From there, the readings can be forwarded to a monitoring station and analyzed by the doctor. Because the researchers use special components in technology, the system requires little energy. The micro-implants can be supplied with electricity wirelessly via coils. Where is this implanted?

Tuesday, 10 March 2009

Quotes and Questions 42 - 3 Mar 09


Observations not only disturb what is to be measured, they produce it."
Pascual Jordan

You've got to bumble forward into the unknown.
Frank Gehry


For the answers go to The 2nd QuestioN! blog at SLCN

P:1) This is a teaching and learning style in which learning takes place by the student actually carrying out a physical activity, rather than listening to a lecture or merely watching a demonstration. Some people are visual learners, some auditory learners and some are these. It is when someone learns things from doing or being part of them. They make up about 15% of the population and have very high hand-eye co-ordination and very quick receptors. They use phrases such as "I can see myself doing that" and "It's starting to come alive" What kind of learners are these?

H:2) Swiss-based company Katadyn began in 1926 when its founder found a way of harnessing the disinfectant qualities of silver and began pioneering work in portable water purification units. The company’s core business is still mobile water sterilization but over the last decade it has used its dominant global market share to diversify into a range of other products servicing the special requirements of adventure travelers. Given that its products will be found in the kit of any international relief organization, military Special Opps unit or extreme adventure athlete, it is somewhat of an irony that this company should produce the world’s first what?
P:3) For half a century, the friendliest face of space travel was Laika the space-dog, launched into Earth orbit aboard Sputnik II. Now Britain has challenged Laika’s supremacy by launching these into the stratosphere. They were strapped to a helium weather balloon, which rose to an altitude of 100,000 feet before bursting. The total flight time was two hours and nine minutes, long enough to gather data on the effects of sub-zero conditions on the custom-designed space suits. The balloon landed 50 miles from the launch site, and the astronauts were successfully retrieved. The astronauts were..?

H:4) New analysis suggests that those traveling in bear territory may be better off leaving the guns at home and packing something else instead.. 71 bear incidents over 20 years in Alaska, were studied where there are an estimated 150,000 bears. Findings showed this was effective in deterring aggressive bear behavior in 92 percent of the cases. Smith's previous research showed that guns were effective only about 67 percent of the time. Understandable, this is in part this is due the fact that in trying to shoot straight with a 1200 pound grizzly bearing down on you is not an easy task, particularly when it takes an average of four hits to stop the attack. What should you pack instead of a gun in bear territory?

P:5) Faust Part One is a complex story. It takes place in multiple settings, the first of which is heaven. Mephistopheles makes a bet with God: he says that he can deflect God's favorite human being (Faust), who is striving to learn everything that can be known, away from righteous pursuits. The next scene takes place in Faust's study where Faust, despairing at the vanity of scientific, humanitarian and religious learning, turns to magic for the showering of infinite knowledge. He suspects, however, that his attempts are failing. Frustrated, he ponders suicide, but rejects it as he hears the echo of nearby Easter celebrations begin. He goes for a walk and is followed home by what?

H:6) Delirious New York set the pace for his career where the "chance-like" nature of city life is celebrated: "The City is an addictive machine from which there is no escape. With the rise of modernism in the 20th century the "Program" became key. The notion of the Program involves "an act to edit function and human activities" as the pretext of architectural design: epitomized in the maxim Form follows Function, he also built S,M,L,XL, and put running tracks in skyscrapers and (unsuccessfully) proposed the inclusion of hospital units for the homeless into a Seattle public Library. His think-tank suggested the development of a visual language. This idea inspired the "Barcode". The barcode seeks to unite the flags of the EU member countries into a single, colorful symbol. Who is this famous architect?
P: 7) As in previous editions of this game, each player takes on a role. True identities are kept secret as players work independently to complete missions by using clues from the game and real-time tips. The use of this to enhance a traditional board game experience is a true innovation in the board game category and CLUE Secrets & Spies Edition, is pioneering it, What will be used to turn an every day device into world saving technology?

H:8) The Dow Jones dropped below 7,000 yesterday for the first time since when?

P: 9) This is a system of conveying information by means of visual signals, using towers with pivoting shutters, also known as blades or paddles. Information is encoded by the position of the mechanical elements; it is read when the shutter is in a fixed position. These systems were popular in the late 18th - early 19th century. In modern usage, "the optical telegraph" may refer to a relay system using flags. These were a precursor of the electrical telegraph. They were far faster than post riders for bringing a message over long distances, but far more expensive and less private than the electrical telegraph lines which would replace them. What is this means of relaying information called?.
H: 10) Set in an alternate history 1960, this first person shooter game places the player in the role of a plane crash survivor named Jack, who must explore the underwater city of Rapture, and survive attacks by the mutated beings and mechanical drones that populate it. The game incorporates elements found in role-playing and survival horror games, and is described by ken Levine as a "spiritual successor" to their previous titles. What game is it?

P: 11) A Möbius strip, an object with only one surface and one edge; such shapes are an object of study in this field, but the discipline was first properly founded toward the end of the 19th century, at which time it was called geometria situs (Latin geometry of place) and analysis situs (Latin analysis of place). From around 1925 to 1975 it was an important growth area within mathematics and grew out of geometry and set theory, and is the study of both the fine structure and global structure of space. What is this field of mathematics called?

H:12) From a topological viewpoint they are the same. Roughly speaking, a topological space is a geometric object, and this represents is a continuous stretching and bending of the object into a new shape. Thus, a square and a circle are this to each other, but a sphere and a donut are not. An often-repeated joke is that topologists can't tell the coffee cup from which they are drinking from the donut they are eating, since a sufficiently pliable donut could be reshaped to the form of a coffee cup by creating a dimple and progressively enlarging it, while shrinking the hole into a handle. What is this called, what is the word for how the donut & the coffee cup can become each other?

P:13) The terms Renaissance Man and, less commonly, Homo Universalis (Latin for "universal man" or "man of the world") are related and used to describe a person who is well educated or who excels in a wide variety of subjects or fields. Thus the gifted men of the Renaissance sought to develop skills in all areas of knowledge, in physical development, in social accomplishments and in the arts. There is another word to describe this sort of person. Poincare, DaVinci, Newton, Goethe, Jefferson, Aristotle and Leibnitz could all said to have been one. What term is used to describe them?

H:14) Quantum theory tells that all things that have ever interacted are forever connected. For example, your friend’s freely made decision of what to do in Moscow (or on Mars) can instantaneously influence what you find in Manhattan. And this happens without any physical force being involved. Einstein called such influences “spooky actions.” They have now been demonstrated to exist. These two quantum phenomena are technically called “wave function collapse” and “entanglement.” They are NOT hard to understand–even with zero physics background. But they are almost impossible to believe. When someone tells you something you can’t believe, you might well think you don’t understand. But believing might be the real problem. This is the basis of a book on physics & consciousness; Can you believe physical reality to be created by our observation of it? Physicists were forced to this conclusion by what they observed in their laboratories. What is the name of the 2008 book that sets this forth?

P:15) He is considered to be the first engineer, architect and physician in history known by name. He was one of very few mortals to be depicted as part of a pharaoh's statue. He was one of only a few commoners ever to be accorded divine status after death. The center of his cult was Memphis. Not Tennessee and he may have been responsible for the first known use of columns in architecture. And said to have been 'Father of Medicine' and the film original and rebake of The Mummy are loosely based on his life story. Who was this ancient Polymath?

H:16) An examination of several early medieval monastic medical manuscripts reveals that ancient herbal recipes dating back to as early as 500 B.C. could have effectively treated kidney disorders, known today as diabetes. A plant mixture of ales and cinnamon bark, for example, has a blood glucose lowering effect. Studies in journals indicate ancient recipes may be alternative treatments for insulin resistance in adult-onset diabetes Name one of the herbs those recipes included?
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